It’s high time we stop hiding issues and start acting on it

3 types of Gynaec Cancer, Uterine Cancer, Ovarian Cancer and Cervical Cancer you should know

When it comes to gynecological cancer, there is a thick silence that engulfs women. The symptoms go unspoken, only to later aggravate the situation, often making the damage irreversible. In such a scenario, it is imperative to talk and act about gynecological cancer.

A cancer that takes place in a woman’s reproductive organs, gynecology Cancer begins in different places within a woman’s pelvis, which is the area below the stomach and in between the hip bones. Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, which is the lower, narrow end of the uterus, also known as the womb. Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries, which are located on each side of the uterus.


Screening Tests

Early detection is the sure-shot way of fighting cancer, paving the way for more effective treatment. Diagnostic tests are used when a person has symptoms. The purpose of diagnostic tests is to find out, or diagnose, what is causing the symptoms. Diagnostic tests may also be used to check on a person who is considered at high risk for cancer.

Pap Test

Among all the gynecological cancers, only cervical cancer has a screening test—the Pap test—that can find this cancer early, when treatment works best. The Pap test also helps prevent cervical cancer by finding pre-cancer cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.

HPV Test

A test called the HPV test looks for HPV infection, which can be used for screening women aged 30 years and older. Learn more about the Pap and HPV tests.

HPV Vaccine

Some gynecologic cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted infection. The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. The HPV vaccine is recommended for preteens (both boys and girls) aged 11 to 12 years, but can be given as early as age 9 and until age 26.

Types of Gynecologic Cancer:

Uterine Cancer

The uterus is a hollow organ in females located in the pelvis, commonly called the womb. It is commonly seen in postmenopousal females (i.e., after menses stop), and the most common presentation is postmenopousal bleeding. In younger patients, frequent bleeding other than menses, increased bleeding, back pain, and discharge from the vagina are common symptoms. The incidence is increasing because of lifestyle changes like obesity and diabetes. In early stages almost compete care with surgery

Ovarian Cancer

Women are more likely to have symptoms of ovarian cancer if the disease has spread, but even early-stage ovarian cancer can cause them. The most common symptoms include bloating, pelvic or abdominal pain, trouble eating or feeling full quickly, and urinary symptoms such as urgency or frequency. Most of the symptoms are nonspecific and early ignored, leading to a delayed diagnosis. That’s why if these symptoms persist for more than 2–3 weeks, one should consult a doctor and rule out the possibility of sinister diseases. Early-stage survival rates are good. Surgery and chemotherapy are the mainstay of the treatment.

Cervical Cancer

The cervix is the lowermost part of the uterus, which opens into the vagina. Following breast cancer, it is the second most common cancer in women. Whitish discharge (>15 days), not responding to antibiotics, bleeding after sex or coitus, and lower abdominal and back pain are common symptoms. In an early stage, it is completely curable. In advanced stages, treatment is still possible, but the results are not as promising. Surgery and radiation are cornerstones of management.

Hope through HIPEC

Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a process in which heated chemotherapy is pumped directly into the abdomen after surgery. The doctors rely on CAT scans and MRI scans to show us the location and distribution of the tumors, which can help them decide if the patient qualifies for HIPEC.

So rather than sitting in silence and suffering, it’s high time we talk about gynecological cancer, spread awareness about it, and act on it before it’s too late. At Apollo CBCC, we ensure that our patients get comprehensive cancer care.

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